Area: 17,799
Population: 1,270,420
Capital: Ardabil
Language: Persian,Turkish

Ardabil Province is one of the 31- provinces of Iran. It is in the northwest of the country, bordering the Republic of Āzerbāijān and the provinces of East Āzerbāijān , Zanjān, and Gilān. Its center is the city of Ardabil. The province was established in 1993 from the eastern part of East Āzerbāijān.

About Ardabil Province

The natural features of the province of Ardabil are mentioned in the Avesta, according to which Zoroaster was born by the river Aras and wrote his book in the Sabalan Mountains. During the Islamic conquest on Iran, Ardabil was the largest city in Azerbaijān, and remained so until the Mongol invasion period. Shah Ismail I started his campaign to nationalize Iran’s government and land from here, but consequently announced Tabriz as his capital in 1500 CE. Yet Ardabil remained an important city both politically and economically until modern times.

Many tourists come to the region for its cool climate (max 35 °C) during the hot summer months. The winters are bitterly cold, with temperatures to −25 °C down.

Its famous natural region is the Sabalan mountains. The province is considered the coldest province and many large parts of the province are green and forested.

Ardabil is the sanctuary of Shaikh Safî ad Dîn, eponym of the Safavid Dynasty. It has many hot springs and natural landscapes which attract tourists. In the Safavid period, Ardabil was the most important city of Iran both politically and economically. The city of Ardabil located on the trade crossroads between Europe and the East, played a critical role in the safety of the Silk Road. The province is still strategically important with respect to tourism and trade. The city of Ardabil now is one of the most important cities of the province and Iran for its many historical monuments, specially the Safavid family’s mausoleums and tombs, its location near many thermal springs with therapeutic virtues, and location on the main access road to the Republic of Azerbayjan. These have turned the city to a tourism center, which is visited by thousands of tourists every year.

The Iranian government in 2006 announced about the plans to build “the largest textile factory of its kind in the Middle East” in Ardabil. Arta Industrial Group (AIG) has one of the largest textile conglomerates in Iran, which is located in Qazvin and Ardabil.

Handicrafts

Ardabil’s Gelim

Food & Drink

Due to its variety of ethnic groups and the neighboring cultures impact, the cuisine of Iran is diverse. vegetables are frequently used, along with fruits such as plums, pomegranate, quince, prunes, apricots, and raisins. To achieve a balanced taste, characteristic flavorings such as saffron, dried lime, cinnamon, and parsley are mixed delicately and used in some special dishes. Onion and garlic are commonly used in the preparation of the accompanying course, but are also served separately during meals, either in raw or pickled form. Iranian best foods include:

Persian Kebabs

Qeymeh

Dizi

Qormeh Sabzi

Persian Rice

Aash-e Reshteh

Khoresht-e fesenjan

Sabzi Polo Ba Mahi

Kookoo or Kuku

Tahchin

Ash-e dough

Ardabil Stew

Ash-e Miveh

Sarein’s Honey