Area: 47,830 km²
Population: 3,909,652
Capital: Tabriz
Language: Azari

East Āzerbāijān Province is one of the 31 provinces of Iran. It is located in Iranian Āzerbāijān , bordering with Armenia, Republic of Āzerbāijān , Ardabil, West Āzerbāijān , and Zanjān Provinces. The capital of East Āzerbāijān is Tabriz.

About East Azarbaijan Province

East Āzerbāijān is one of the most Ancient territories in Iran. During the reign of Alexander of Macedon in Iran (331 BCE), a warrior known as Attorpat led a revolt, then it was a territory of the Medes, and thereafter called Attorpatkan. Islamic researchers proclaim that the birth of the prophet Zoroaster was in this area, near Lake Orumieh (Chichesht), Konzak City.

The province covers an area of approximately 47,830 km², with the historical city of Tabriz as the most important city of this province, culturally, politically, and commercially. The province has common borders with the current Republics of Āzerbaijan, Armenia and Nakhchivan. A fine network of roads and railways connect East Āzerbaijan to other parts of Iran and neighboring countries.

The highest peak of East Āzerbāijān is Sahand Mountain at 3,722 m elevation, lying south of Tabriz. East Āzerbāijān enjoys a cool, dry climate, being in the main mountainous region. But the gentle breezes off the Caspian Sea have some influence on the climate of the low areas. Temperatures run up to 8.9 °C in Tabriz, and 20 °C in Maraqeh, in the winter dropps to 10 to 15 °C at least. Thesideal seasons to visit this province are spring and summer.

The most outstanding features of East Āzerbāijān culture is language of Azari/Azerice , and folklore of this region. Apart from this, the province also boasts numerous learned scholars, Gnostics and several national poets such as contemporary poet Ostad Mohammad Hossein Shahriyar. The current leader of Iran, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei is originally from this region.

Iran’s Cultural Heritage Organization has registered 936 sites of historical significance in the province. Some are contemporary, and some are from the antiquity of ancient Persia. “Zahak Citadel”, for example, is the name of an ancient ruin in East Āzerbāijān , which according to various experts, was inhabited from the second millennium BC until the Timurid era.

East Āzerbāijān enjoys a rich compendium of Azeri  traditions. Many local dances and folk songs continue to survive among the various peoples of the province.
As a longstanding province of Iran, Āzerbāijān is mentioned favorably on many occasions in Persian literature by greatest authors and poets.

Famous People

Seyyed Mohammad Hossein Behjat Tabrizi (1906 -1988), mainly known by his pen name, Shahriar was a notable Iranian poet who wrote in Āzeri and Farsi. His most important work “Heydar Babaya Salam” is considered to be the pinnacle in Āzerbāijāni literature which gained great popularity in the Turkic world and
was translated to more than 30 languages.

Shams-e-Tabrizi or Shams al-Din Mohammad (1185–1248) was a Persian Muslim, who is credited as the spiritual instructor of Rumi (Jalāl ad-Dīn Mohammad Balkhī) .

Sattar Khan (1866-1914), honorarily titled Sardār-e Melli (National Commander) was a pivotal figure in the Iranian Constitutional Revolution and is considered a national hero in Iran.

Glass industries, paper manufacturing, steel, copper and nepheline syenite, oil refinery, petrochemical processing facilities, chemical products, pharmaceutical processing, foundries, vehicle and auto-parts industrial and agricultural machine, food, leather and shoe industries.

Handicrafts

Handicrafts of Azarbaijan East

Food & Drink

Due to its variety of ethnic groups and the neighboring cultures impact, the cuisine of Iran is diverse. vegetables are frequently used, along with fruits such as plums, pomegranate, quince, prunes, apricots, and raisins. To achieve a balanced taste, characteristic flavorings such as saffron, dried lime, cinnamon, and parsley are mixed delicately and used in some special dishes. Onion and garlic are commonly used in the preparation of the accompanying course, but are also served separately during meals, either in raw or pickled form. Iranian best foods include:

Persian Kebabs

Qeymeh

Dizi

Qormeh Sabzi

Persian Rice

Aash-e Reshteh

Khoresht-e fesenjan

Sabzi Polo Ba Mahi

Kookoo or Kuku

Tahchin

Tabriz’s Koufteh

Bonab Kabab

Tabrizi Lovuez

Qurabiya