Area: 122,400 km²
Population: 4,851,274
Capital: Shiraz
Language: Persian

Fārs Province also known as Pars or Persia in historical context, is one of the thirty-one provinces of Iran and known as the cultural capital of the Iran. Fārs administrative center is Shirāz. It has an area of 122,400 km². The etymology of the word Persian found in many ancient names associated with Iran, is derived from the historical importance of this region. Fārs Province is the original homeland of the Persian people.

About Fars Province

Allah-Verdi Khan’s life is very interesting. He was born as a Christian in Georgia and was sold as a christian slave. His life was painful and miserable. He was lucky enough to be sold as a slave to Shah Tahmasb Safavid court. Allah-Verdi Khan was a competent man who promoted fast. At the time of Shah Abbas the great he was appointed as the governor of Fārs district which covered most of southern provinces. Shah Abbas trusted him absolutely. This governor was promoted as commander in chief. Therefore, this important bridge was named after Allah-Verdi Khan. He was given a Muslim Turkish name Allah “God” Verdi “given”. The builder of this strong fantastic bridge was Ostad Hossein Banna.

There are three distinct climatic regions in the Fārs Province. First, the mountainous area of the north and northwest with moderate cold winters and mild summers. Secondly, the central regions, with relatively rainy mild winters, and hot dry summers. The third region located in the south and southeast, has cold winters with hot summers. The average temperature of Shirāz is 16.8 °C, 122 Fārs Provinceranging between 4.7 °C and 29.2 °C. The geographical and climatic variation of the province causes varieties of plants; consequently, variation of wildlife has been formed in the province. Additional to the native animals, many kinds of birds migrate to the province every year

Fārs province is one of the provinces that has the highest nomadic population. The culture of the Persian people in general is divided into celebrations, music, clothing and food. In the music section the Aashiqs, Qashqai, Changyan and Sarebanran are existing. The Aashiq music is ancient and extensive, mixed with folkloric poetry. In Fārs province, there are different ethnic groups including Fars, Lor, Turkish Qashqai, Tajik, Arab Khamseh, Kurd and Lak. One of the most important nomadic regions of Iran is Fārs province, with a population of 137, 717 people, about 32 percent of the Iran nomadic population and 3 percent of the province’s population. In addition to Qashqai, Baseri, Baharloo, Mohseni, as well as smaller tribes, continue their nomadic life in Fars. Fārs people’s clothing is very diverse due to cultural diversity, which can be referred to as Qaba (Arkhaleq), shawl and Chaqeh(coat), which is the clothing of the nomadic tribes of Kouhmareh Sarakhas. The official language of the Fārs province is, Farsi. Before Islam, the Persian language was the Middle Persian, which is nowadays changed into Persian ,and is used among most of the people of the province and Baseri tribe.

Agricultural products (cereal-wheat and barley), citrus fruits, dates, sugar beets and cotton, petrochemical facilities oil refinery, producing tires, electronics industry, sugar mill, Tourism, car manufacturing, cement, medicine, texture, rubber & plastics, meat products, non-alcoholic drinking, ICT, oil & gas, mining & minerals- decorative stones

Handicrafts

Khatam Kari

Qalam Zani

Wood Works

Silver Work

Minakari

Mirror Art

Shiraz Rug

Mosaic Arts

Plastering Art

Food & Drink

Due to its variety of ethnic groups and the neighboring cultures impact, the cuisine of Iran is diverse. vegetables are frequently used, along with fruits such as plums, pomegranate, quince, prunes, apricots, and raisins. To achieve a balanced taste, characteristic flavorings such as saffron, dried lime, cinnamon, and parsley are mixed delicately and used in some special dishes. Onion and garlic are commonly used in the preparation of the accompanying course, but are also served separately during meals, either in raw or pickled form. Iranian best foods include:

Persian Kebabs

Qeymeh

Dizi

Qormeh Sabzi

Persian Rice

Aash-e Reshteh

Khoresht-e fesenjan

Sabzi Polo Ba Mahi

Kookoo or Kuku

Tahchin

Shirāzi Polo (Rice & Chicken)

Ashe Sabzi

Kalam Polo

Shekar Polo

Halim Bademjan

Yakhni Nokhod

Faloudeh Shirazi

Masqati Shirazi