Area: 240 km2 (86.487 sq mi)
Population: 1,565,572
Language: Persian

The City of Rich Literature & Great Poets

Shirāz is located in the southwest of Iran on the “Khoshk river” (The Dry River) seasonal river. It has a moderate climate and has been a regional trade center for over a thousand years. Shirāz is one of the oldest cities of ancient Persia. The oldest city of ancient Persia, Shirāz is regarded as the cultural capital of Iran and the city of poetry, gardens and love. Shirāz is famous for its laidback atmosphere as well as its many historical and natural sites. This enchantress of a city leaves all visitors enamored with its attractions ranging from the ruins of the ancient Achaemenid capital in Persepolis, its necropolis Naqsh-e Rostam and the mysterious Cube of Zoroaster, the final resting place of Cyrus the Great in Pasargadae and the ruins of Bishāpour to the lush Eram and Jahan-Nama gardens, extravagant Qajar mansions like Zinat ol- Molouk and Qavam houses, striking Jāme Atiq and Nasir al-Molk mosques and the historic Quran Gate. May 5th is named the day of Shirāz by approve of the Parliament, on this occasion, every year, special events will be held by the municipality of Shirāz.

About Shiraz City

Shirāz is most likely more than 4,000 years old. The name Shirāz is mentioned in cuneiform inscriptions from around 2000 BC found in southwestern corner of the city. According to some Iranian mythological traditions, it was originally erected by Tahmoures Divband, and afterward fell to ruin. In the Achaemenian era, Shirāz was on the way from Susa to Persepolis and Pasargadae. In Ferdowsi’s Shahnameh it has been said that Artabanus V, the Parthian Emperor of Iran, expanded his control over Shirāz. Qasr-e Abu-Nasr (meaning “the palace of Abu-Nasr”) which is originally from Parthian era is situated in this area. During the Sassanid era, Shirāz was in between the way connecting Bishāpour and Gur to Istakhr. Shirāz was an important regional center under the Sassanians. The city became a provincial capital in 693, after Arab invaders conquered Istakhr, the nearby Sassanian capital. As Istakhr fell into decline, Shirāz grew in importance under the Arabs and several local dynasties. The Buwayhid empire (945–1055) made it their capital, building mosques, palaces, a library and an extended city wall. It was also ruled by the Seljuks and the Khwarezmians before the Mongol conquest. In the 13th century, Shirāz was a leading center of the arts and sciences due to its many scholars and artists. The poet of Hafez, whose poems have captured the hearts of many throughout the world, hailed from this city. The tombs of Hafez, Sa’di, and Khajou Kermāni in the city are stunning structures erected in memory of these legendary bards. Shirāz soon returned to prosperity under the rule of Karim-Khan-e Zand, who made it his capital in 1762. Employing more than 12,000 workers, he constructed a royal district with a fortress, many administrative buildings, a mosque and one of the finest covered Bāzārs in Iran. He had a moat built around the city, constructed an irrigation and drainage system, and rebuilt the city walls. However, Karim-Khan’s heirs failed to secure his gains. When Agha Mohammad Khan, the founder of the Qajar dynasty, eventually came to power, he wreaked his revenge on Shirāz by destroying the city’s fortifications and moving the national capital to Tehrān. Although lowered to the rank of a provincial capital, Shirāz maintained a level of prosperity as a result of the continuing importance of the trade route to the Persian Gulf. Its governorship was a royal prerogative throughout the Qajar dynasty. Many of the famous gardens, buildings and residences built during this time contribute to the city’s present skyline.


Shiraz Modern Shopping Centers

Whats On?

Tehran International Book Fair

Fajr International Film Festival

Tehran International Tourism Exhibition