Area: 71198/76
Population: 1,776.415
Capital: Bandar Abbas
Language: Persian, Arabic, Baluchi

Hormozgān Province is one of the 31 provinces of Iran. It is in the south of the country, facing Oman and UAE. Its area is 70,697 km2 (27,296 sq mi), and its provincial capital is Bandar Abbas. The province has fourteen islands in the Persian Gulf and 1,000 km (620 mi) of coastline.

About Hormozgan Province

Although Hormozgān is known to have been settled during the Achaemenid era when Nearchus passed through the region, recorded history of the main port of Hormozgān (Bandar-e Hormoz) begins with Ardashir I of Persia of the Sassanid empire. The province is said to have been particularly prosperous between 241 and 211 BC, but grew even further in trade and commercial significance after the arrival of the Islamic era. Marco Polo visited the port of Bandar Abbas in 1272 and 1293. He reported widespread trading in Persian jewelry, ivory and silk of Indochina, and pearls from Bahrain in the Bāzārs of the port of Hormuz. In 1497 Europeans landed in the region for the first time, headed by Vasco da Gama. In 1508 the Portuguese, led by Afonso de Albuquerque invaded the area with seven warships, under the pretext of protecting their interests from Egypt and Venice. The port of Hormuz at the time was considered strategic positioned for commercial interests in the Persian Gulf. Ismail I who was trying to counter the Ottoman Empire to the west, was unable to save the port from the Portuguese, until Shah Abbas I was finally able to drive them out of the Persian Gulf with the aid of the British. The name of Bandar Abbas comes directly from the name of Shah Abbas I. The strategic importance of the Persian Gulf further increased after World War I with the discovery of oil in the region.

The province is primarily mountainous, consisting of the southern tip of the Zagros Range. The province experiences a very hot and humid climate, with temperatures sometimes exceeding 120 °F (49 °C) in summers. There is very little precipitation year-round.

The streets of Hormozgān’s port-cities present the visitor with a spectacle quite different from that seen in many of the streets elsewhere in Iran. Having had the trade routes to all of the known world pass through it, peoples from all over the known world made Hormozgān their home making it one of Iran’s most ethnically diverse regions. When walking the streets of Bandar Abbas, one sees - in addition to local Iranians - people whose features resemble peoples from the northern lands, Africa, Arabia and India. The local inhabitants are called Bandari, the port people. The Bandari can be identified by the language they speak at home. The Bandari dialect of Persian retains some of its history. When listening to Bandari being spoken, we hear traces of Middle Persian and Baluchi with a sprinkling of words from English, Arabic and even other languages.

Oil & Gas, Handicrafts, Mining, Fishing, Dried fruits

Handicrafts

Handicrafts of Hormozgan

Food & Drink

Due to its variety of ethnic groups and the neighboring cultures impact, the cuisine of Iran is diverse. vegetables are frequently used, along with fruits such as plums, pomegranate, quince, prunes, apricots, and raisins. To achieve a balanced taste, characteristic flavorings such as saffron, dried lime, cinnamon, and parsley are mixed delicately and used in some special dishes. Onion and garlic are commonly used in the preparation of the accompanying course, but are also served separately during meals, either in raw or pickled form. Iranian best foods include:

Persian Kebabs

Qeymeh

Dizi

Qormeh Sabzi

Persian Rice

Aash-e Reshteh

Khoresht-e fesenjan

Sabzi Polo Ba Mahi

Kookoo or Kuku

Tahchin

Mahyaba & Suragh

Qaliyeh Mahi

Havari Mahi