Area: 25,009 Km²
Population: 1,952,434
Capital: Kermanshah
Language: Persian, Kurdish

Kermānshāh Province (Persian: Ostanı Kermānşah) is one of the 31 provinces of Iran and is regarded as part of Iranian Kurdistān. The province was known from 1969 to 1986 as Kermānshāhan and from 1986 to 1995 as Bakhtaran. Majority of people in Kermānshāh province are Shia, and there are minority of Sunni and Yarsanism. The province’s capital is Kermānshāh (34°18′N 47°4′E), located in the middle of the western part of Iran. The population of the city is 946,651. The languages spoken by the Kermānshāh’s people is Kurdish,SouthernKurdish, Laki and also Persian. Kermānshāh developed in the 4th century AD under the patronage of Sassanian kings. Briefly renamed Bakhtaran in the 1980s. Its climate is mild and it has many natural and historical sites in the city and in the towns around. The city is 525 km southwest of Tehrān at the foothills of the Zagros mountain range. The city enjoys a temperate climate and regular seasons.

About Kermanshah Province

The province has a rich Paleolithic heritage. Many caves have been surveyed or excavated there with Paleolithic remains. Some of these cave sites are located in Bisotoun and north of Kermānshāh. The first known physical remains of Neanderthal man in Iran was discovered in BiSotoun Cave. Do-Ashkaft, Kobeh, Warwasi, and Mar Tarik are some of the Middle Paleolithic sites in the region. Kermānshāh also has many Neolithic sites, of which the most famous are Ganj-Dareh, Sarāb, and Asiyab. At Ganj-Dareh, the earliest evidence for goat domestication have been documented. In May 2009, based on a research conducted by the University of Hamadān and UCL, the head of Archeology Research Center of Iran’s Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization announced that the oldest prehistoric village in the Middle East dating back to 9800 B.C., was discovered in Sahneh, located in west of Kermānshāh.

The monuments found in Kermānshāh show two glorious periods, the Achaemenid and Sassanid eras. The mythical ruler of the Pish-Dādian is described as founding the city while Tahmoures Div-band built it. An alternative narrative is that the construction was by Bahram IV of the Sassanid dynasty during the 4th century CE. Kermānshāh reached a peak during the reign of Hormazd IV and Khosrow I of Sassanids, before being demoted to a secondary royal residence.

Kermānshāh Province is located at 34 East and 47 North. More than half of the area of Kermānshāh province is covered by high mountains. The Zagros Mountains have created a variety of vegetation in a series of parallel strata, with high plains among them.

As it is situated between two cold and warm regions enjoys a moderate climate. Kermānshāh has a moderate and mountainous climate. It rains most in winter and is moderately warm in summer. The annual rainfall is 500 mm. The average temperature in the hottest months is above 22 C.

Kermānshāh is one of the provinces of Iran, in the north and northwest of which, are the resident Hourami and nomadic tribes of Kochar and Jaf, the west and southwest are Kalhor, Gouran, Zanganeh, Sanjabi and Gholkhani, and the southern and eastern towns are populated by Lak people. Kermānshāh also is a very diverse religious city. For example, followers of the Shiite cults (majority), Sunni, Yarsan, Nematollahi, Jewish, Christian (Armenian and Assyrian) and Baha’i live together in this province. Kurdish and Gorani (Hoorami), Laki and Persian Kermānshāhi are the most commonly used dialects in Kermānshāh. The Persian dialect of Kermānshāh is only spoken in Kermānshāh town.

Agricultural products (grain, rice, vegetable, fruits, oil seeds)- petrochemical refinery, textile manufacturing, food processing, carpet making, sugar refining, production of electrical equipment and tools- Mining (Iron, lead, sulfur, alumite, quartzite etc.)

Handicrafts

Handicrafts of Kermanshah

Food & Drink

Due to its variety of ethnic groups and the neighboring cultures impact, the cuisine of Iran is diverse. vegetables are frequently used, along with fruits such as plums, pomegranate, quince, prunes, apricots, and raisins. To achieve a balanced taste, characteristic flavorings such as saffron, dried lime, cinnamon, and parsley are mixed delicately and used in some special dishes. Onion and garlic are commonly used in the preparation of the accompanying course, but are also served separately during meals, either in raw or pickled form. Iranian best foods include:

Persian Kebabs

Qeymeh

Dizi

Qormeh Sabzi

Persian Rice

Aash-e Reshteh

Khoresht-e fesenjan

Sabzi Polo Ba Mahi

Kookoo or Kuku

Tahchin

Khoresht-e Khalāl

Dandeh Kabab

Vanoushak Polo

Kangar Stew

Nan Berenji