Area: 29,137
Population: 1,603,011
Capital:
Language: Persian, Kordish

Kurdistān province has an area of 29137 square kilometers in western Iran. The province is located on the slopes and ridges of Zagros, north of the provinces of West Āzerbāijān and Zanjān, from the east to Hamadan and Zanjān, from the south to Kermanshah province and from the west to Iraq. The center of the province is Sanandaj city.

About Kurdistan Province

Kurds are Aryan tribes who migrated to the region several thousand years ago. Situated on the ancient Silk Road, on the northern edge of the Fertile Crescent, Kurdistān grew to be a prosperous area during the middle Ages. In the early Islamic period, 637-641, all Kurdish castles and fortifications as well as major cities were occupied by Arabs. In 634 when Arabs attacked Fars, Kurdish people of this state took part in the war against Arabs for defending the city of Fasa. Finally, Arabs defeated Kurds in the year 636. During the reign of Shah Ismail I, the founder of Safavid dynasty, Ottoman Caliphs supported Sunnite Kurds against Shiite government of Safavid. With the establishment of Zand dynasty a Kurdish dynasty took the throne.

Kurdistān Province is entirely a mountainous region that can be divided into two western and eastern sections from topographical points of view, which are located in the east and west of Sanandaj. Consequently, Kurdistān has always attracted a large number of tourists and fans of mountaineering, ski, and water-sports.

Kurdistān has a generally mild and quite pleasant climate throughout the spring and summer. Winters are long and can be very cold with heavy snowfalls.

The Kurdish people are the majority population in this province, and they speak Sorani-Kurdish which is a northwestern Iranian language. The Kurdish language is categorized under the Indo-European group of languages, with a distinctive grammatical form. This language has various branches in Iran, such as the Sorani, Hewrami, Feyli, Kalhuri and Kurmanji. Majority of the people in Kurdistān province speak variants of Sorani Kurdish, sometime called as Ardalani dialect.

Famous People

Kamkars Band is one of the most prominent Kurdish and Iranian music bands.

Mawlawi Tawagozi is known in the world of poetry, He began the Poetry and Literature, writing his poems in Kurdish, Arabic, and Persian. Mawlawi passed away in 1882 in the age of 73.

Ayatollah Sheikh Mohammad Mardoukh was born in Sanandaj in 1840. He was an intellectual, philosopher, politician, enlightening poet, journalist and warlord. He has published over 114 volumes of books and more than half of them have been published.

Gold mines, Agricultural Products & Machinery, Nonmetallic minerals, chemicals, textile & leather, Food Products, electricity & electronics products, Handicrafts

Handicrafts

Traditional Weaving

Klash

Musical Instruments

Food & Drink

Due to its variety of ethnic groups and the neighboring cultures impact, the cuisine of Iran is diverse. vegetables are frequently used, along with fruits such as plums, pomegranate, quince, prunes, apricots, and raisins. To achieve a balanced taste, characteristic flavorings such as saffron, dried lime, cinnamon, and parsley are mixed delicately and used in some special dishes. Onion and garlic are commonly used in the preparation of the accompanying course, but are also served separately during meals, either in raw or pickled form. Iranian best foods include:

Persian Kebabs

Qeymeh

Dizi

Qormeh Sabzi

Persian Rice

Aash-e Reshteh

Khoresht-e fesenjan

Sabzi Polo Ba Mahi

Kookoo or Kuku

Tahchin

Kalaneh

Qayermeh

Kurdish Kababs

Perpoolah broth