Area: 28308
Population: 1,760,649
Capital: Khorram Abad
Language: Persian, Lorish

Lorestān Province is a province on the west of Iran in the Zagros Mountains with area of 28,392 km2. The name Lorestān means “land of the Lors”. In the wider sense it consists of that part of western Iran coinciding with the province of Ilām and extending for about 650 km on a northwest to southeast axis from Kermānshāh to Fars, with a breadth of 150-180 km.

About Lorestan Province

The ancient history of Lorestān is closely intertwined with the rest of the Ancient Near East. In the 3rd and 4th millennium BC, migrant tribes settled down in the mountainous area of the Zagros Mountains. The Kassites, an ancient people who spoke neither an Indo-European nor a Semitic language, originated in Lorestān. They would control Babylonia after the fall of the Old Babylonian Empire ca. 1531 BC and until ca. 1155 BC.

The province consists of mountains, with numerous ranges, part of the Zagros chain, running northwest to southeast. The central range has many summits that almost have perpetual snow, rising to 4000 m and more. It feeds most important rivers, such as the Zayandeh-Roud, Jarahi, Kāroun, Dez, Abi and Karkheh. Between the higher ranges lie many fertile plains and low hilly, well-watered districts. At KhorramAbad, the average annual precipitation totals 530 millimeters of rainfall equivalent, while up to 1270 millimeters may fall on the highest mountains. The months June to September are usually absolutely dry, but Khorram-Abad can expect 4 inches of rainfall in December and January.

The Lors constitute part of the southwestern branch of the Iranian peoples, who are spread across the Iranian plateau and beyond, stretching from the Hindu Kush to central Anatolia and from the Caucasus and Central Asia to the Persian Gulf- a region that is sometimes termed Greater Iran. Their language (called Lori or Lorish language) is closely related to Persian, and there are two distinct dialects. “Lor-e-Bozorg” (Greater Lor) is spoken by the Bakhtiaris, and “Lor-e-Kuchak” (Little Lor), spoken by the Lors. People in Boroujerd speak in Boroujerdi Dialect, a local Lori Persian dialect extracted from Lori. Northwest of Lorestān Province is dominated by Laki speakers. The overwhelming majority of Lors are Shia Muslims. Before the 20th century the majority of Lors were nomadic herders, with an urban minority residing in the city of Khorram-Abad. By the mid-1980s the vast majority of Lors had been settled in towns and villages throughout the province or had migrated to the major urban centers. A number of nomadic Lor tribes continue to exist in the province.

Animal husbandry and agriculture, Construction, cement, metal, ceramics, foodstuff, clothing, handicrafts, stone travertine minerals, marble, feldspar, talc, limestone, lead and zinc.

Handicrafts

Varsho Sazi

Giveh Douzi

Namad Mali

Wood Turning

Food & Drink

Due to its variety of ethnic groups and the neighboring cultures impact, the cuisine of Iran is diverse. vegetables are frequently used, along with fruits such as plums, pomegranate, quince, prunes, apricots, and raisins. To achieve a balanced taste, characteristic flavorings such as saffron, dried lime, cinnamon, and parsley are mixed delicately and used in some special dishes. Onion and garlic are commonly used in the preparation of the accompanying course, but are also served separately during meals, either in raw or pickled form. Iranian best foods include:

Persian Kebabs

Qeymeh

Dizi

Qormeh Sabzi

Persian Rice

Aash-e Reshteh

Khoresht-e fesenjan

Sabzi Polo Ba Mahi

Kookoo or Kuku

Tahchin

Chazanak Raghou Bread

Boroujerdi Kebab

Koufteh Nokhodchi Stew

Boroujerdi Grape Leaves Dolma

Shami Kou