Area: 29128
Population: 1,429,475
Capital: Arak
Language: Persian

Markazi Province is one of the 31 provinces of Iran. The word Markazi means central in Persian. In 2014 it was placed in Region 4. Markazi lies in western Iran. Its capital is Arāk. Markazi province is one of industrial regions of Iran. The economy is composed of service, industrial and agricultural sectors, respectively. Many mother industries such as petrol, petrochemicals, and metals are concentrated in the province. The are many potentialities in Markazi Province based on ecotourism, rural and nomadic tourism.

About Markazi Province

Markazi province was part of the Median Empire in the first millennium BC, which included all of the central and western parts of modern-day Iran. The region is considered to be one of the ancient settlements on the Iranian plateau. Numerous remaining ruins testify to the antiquity of this area. In the early centuries Islam, the name of the area was changed to Jibal or Qahestan. By the early 10th century, Khorheh had become a famous city of Jibal province, followed by Tafresh and Khomein. In recent years, the expansion of the North-South railroad (commonly known as the Persian Corridor) and the establishing of major industries helped boost development in the area.

Markazi Province, approximately in the center of Iran, is considered to be the industrial capital of Iran. Arāk, a mega polis, is the capital and the largest city of the province. It borders with Tehrān, Alborz and Qazvin provinces northwards; Hamadān eastwards; Lorestān and Isfahān southwards; and Tehrān, Qom and Isfahān eastwards. Markazi province has 29,530 km square area. Due to high mountains, proximity to central Iran, adjacent to the Howz Soltan area, Meghan desert and the Salt Lake, as well as the location of the crossroads of the two Alborz and Zagros mountains, rovince has diverse climates. Also, the direction and flow of winds in the western Mediterranean and the Atlantic, the massive air pressure of the Indian Ocean and the cold currents of Central Asia affect the climatic conditions of the province.

Because of its great diversity and untouched environment, about 43 percent of Markazi population lives in rural areas, earning their livelihood from agriculture and animal husbandry. About 3000 nomadic households live in the province. Nearly 1000 households still migrate from and to Markazi province. The tribes are Shāhsavan, Kaleh-Koui, Mish-Mast, Khalaj, Rāveh, and Kalhor, each consists of some clans. Before the conquest of Iran by Arabs, the people of the region were chiefly Zoroastrian. Remains of many fire temples in Markazi province is the evidence of the fact. Now people are mainly Shiite Muslims. There are small minorities of Armenians and Jewish. Markazi province is a host to many languages and dialects. There are some dialects of Turkish, including Khalaji Turkish. The main language is Persian with its diverse dialects as Lori and Laki. Tati is a language derived from Ancient Persian, spoken in some regions of Āshtiyān, mainly in Vafs. There are Armenian speakers in Arāk, Sāveh and Kharaqān. Armenian villagers in Khomein had mainly left their birthplace after 1970s to major Iranian cities.

Famous People

Ayatollah Seyyed Ruhollah Mūsavi Khomeini (Imam Khomeini) (24 September 1902 - 3 June 1989), was the founder of Islamic republic of Iran and the leader of 1979 Islamic Revolution. The 3rd of June 1989 was a tragic day, the 7 am news on the radio stated the following: "In the name of God, to God we belong and to Him we return. The holy spirit of the leader of Muslims and free men, Imam Khomeini, has gone to meet his creator."

Mirza Taghi Khan Farahani (Amir Kabir) (1807–1852)

He was the chief minister to Naser alDin Shah Qajar and one of the most capable and innovative figures to appear in the whole Qajar period.  

Mirza Abol-Qasem Farahani

He was the chancellor of Iran, the politician, literary and a prominent and influential figure in government.  

 

Aluminum products, heavy metal casting, underpressure vessels, industrial boilers, agricultural and road construction machinery, petrochemical and refinery products, industrial dyes, textiles, glass and cup, crystals, all types of tires, wires and cables, detergents, Industrial soot, synthetic fibers, all types of construction’s stone, household appliances and tiles, steel tubes and profiles, and PVC.

Handicrafts

Handicrafts

Food & Drink

Due to its variety of ethnic groups and the neighboring cultures impact, the cuisine of Iran is diverse. vegetables are frequently used, along with fruits such as plums, pomegranate, quince, prunes, apricots, and raisins. To achieve a balanced taste, characteristic flavorings such as saffron, dried lime, cinnamon, and parsley are mixed delicately and used in some special dishes. Onion and garlic are commonly used in the preparation of the accompanying course, but are also served separately during meals, either in raw or pickled form. Iranian best foods include:

Persian Kebabs

Qeymeh

Dizi

Qormeh Sabzi

Persian Rice

Aash-e Reshteh

Khoresht-e fesenjan

Sabzi Polo Ba Mahi

Kookoo or Kuku

Tahchin

Kal-e Joush

Eshkeneh

Reshteh Polou