Area: 23,833 km2 (9,202 sq mi)
Population: 3,283,582
Capital: Sari
Language: Mazandarani (Tabari), Persian, Gilaki

M āzandarān is an Iranian province located along the southern coast of the Caspian Sea and adjacent to Central Alborz mountain range, in central-northern Iran. Māzandarān Province is one of the most densely populated provinces in Iran and has diverse natural resources, notably large reservoirs of oil and natural gas. The province’s four largest counties are Sāri, Amol, Nour, and Tonekābon. The diverse nature of the province features plains, prairies, forests and rainforest stretching from the sandy beaches of the Caspian Sea to the rugged and snowcapped Alborz sierra, including Mount Damavand, one of the highest peaks and volcanos in Asia. More than 800 registered historical and cultural sites, 338 km of shorelines, mineral springs in jungles and mountains, waterfalls, and caves are among the major tourism attractions in the Māzandarān province.

About Mazandaran Province

Human habitation in the area dates back to 75,000 years ago. Recent excavations in Gohar Tappeh in Behshahr is a proof that the area has been urbanized for more than 5,000 years, and the area is considered one of the most important historical sites of Iran. It has played an important role in cultural and urban development of the region. Māzandarān is one of the oldest areas with sedentary lifestyle. In the early 20 th century, by constructing seven new roads and railways, the provinces of Māzandarān and Gilān became known as Shomal by all Iranians (meaning “the North” in Persian).

The province covers an area of 23,842 km². Sāri is the capital city of the province. From the geographical point of view, Māzandarān province is divided into two parts i.e. coastal plain and the mountainous area. It has a variety of climates, including the mild and humid climate of Caspian shoreline and the moderate and cold climate of mountainous regions.

The population is mostly dedicated to Māzandarān is, with a minority of Āzerbāijān is, Georgians, Armenians, Circassians, Turkmen, Gilaks and others. Mazanderani or Tabari is a Northwestern Iranian language. Various Māzandarāni dialects are spoken in Māzandarān province and the neighbor province Golestān such as Mazanderani, and Gorgāni and possibly Qadikolai (Ghadikolai) and Palani. Tirgan, tying rainbow-colored bands on wrists and Varf chal are some of the important customs in this province. Music in this region relates to the lifestyle of theinhabitants, and the melodies imply the forests,cultivation or farming activities and herding. Themost famous dance of this area is the Shomali dance,the stick dance that the men perform. Popular musicinclude: Taleb and Zohreh, Amiri Khani and Katuli.

 

Fishing (caviar) and farmed fish, aquaculture (Rice, grain, fruits, cotton, tea, tobacco, sugarcane, silk, tourism, biotechnology, Oil, cement, textiles, cotton.

Handicrafts

Mazandaran Handicrafts

Food & Drink

Due to its variety of ethnic groups and the neighboring cultures impact, the cuisine of Iran is diverse. vegetables are frequently used, along with fruits such as plums, pomegranate, quince, prunes, apricots, and raisins. To achieve a balanced taste, characteristic flavorings such as saffron, dried lime, cinnamon, and parsley are mixed delicately and used in some special dishes. Onion and garlic are commonly used in the preparation of the accompanying course, but are also served separately during meals, either in raw or pickled form. Iranian best foods include:

Persian Kebabs

Qeymeh

Dizi

Qormeh Sabzi

Persian Rice

Aash-e Reshteh

Khoresht-e fesenjan

Sabzi Polo Ba Mahi

Kookoo or Kuku

Tahchin

Morgh-e Shekam Por (Stuffed Chicken)

Malabij or Malata (Fish)

Khoresht-e Alou (Plum Stew)

Kae Pela (Gourd with rice)

Ash-e Kadou (Squash Soup)