Area: 28,434 km²
Population: 863,092
Capital: Bojnourd
Language: Persian, Tati, Kurdish, Kormanji, Turkmen and Khorāsāni Turkish

North Khorāsān Province (Persian: Khorāsān-e Shomālī) is a province located in northeastern Iran. Bojnourd is the capital of the province.

About North Khorasan Province

Note: Since Khorasan district was divided into three provinces (Razavi Khorasan, North Khorasan, and South Khorasan) in 2004, you may find some similarities in the wording presented in the history part of these 3 provinces.

Greater Khorāsān has witnessed the rise and fall of many dynasties and governments in its territory throughout history. Various tribes of Persians, Arabs, Turks, Kurds, Mongols, Turkmens, and Afghans have brought change to the region time and time again. Ancient geographers of Iran divided Iran into eight segments, of which the most flourishing largest was the territory of Greater Khorāsān. Esfarāyen, among other cities of the province, was one of the focal points for settlement by Aryan tribes entering Iran.

In the year 651, the army of Islamic Arabs invaded Khorāsān. The territory remained in the hands of the Abbasid clan until 820. In 1157 Khorāsān was conquered by the Khwarazmids. In 1220 was annexed by the Mongols of Genghis Khan and when died in 1226 Khorāsān was inherited by his son Tolui and then by Tolui’s son Hulegu, the first emperor of the Mongolic Ilkhanate of Persia. In the 14th century, a flag of independence was hoisted by the Sarbedaran Movement in Sabzevar, and in 1368, Khorāsān came into the hands of Tamerlane.

In 1507, Khorāsān was occupied by Uzbek tribes. After the death of Nader Shah in 1747, it was occupied by the Afghans.

During the Qajar period, Britain supported the Afghans to protect their East India Company. Herat was thus separated from Persia, and Nasseral-Din Shah was unable to defeat the British to take back Herat. Finally, the Paris treaty was concluded in 1903 and Iran was compelled not to challenge the British for Herat and other parts of what is today Afghanistan.

North Khorāsān Province is composed of 8 counties with an area of 28,179 square km. This province is geographically located, from the north by Turkmenistan, from the east and south by Razavi Khorāsān province, from the southwest to Semnān province, and from the west by the Golestān province. The discovered objects in this province show its ancient history. The highest point of the Shah Jahan peak in the Aladagh Mountains is 3051 m and its lowest point in the village of Tazeh-Yab at the outlet of the Atrak River, is at a height of 400 meters above sea level. The average height of the province is 1326 meters above sea level. The mountains of the province are geologically the result of the last oceanic movements of the 3rd Age and of Javan mountains. These mountains are divided into two major parts: 1- Kopeh Dagh mountain 2- Aladagh mountain range

Families living in North Khorāsān province include Fars, Tat, Kurd, Kormanj, Turkmen and Turks. Common languages are Persian, Tati, Kurdish, Kormanji, Turkmen and Khorāsāni Turkish. In general, the Kormanji Kurds make up 46.1% of the province’s population composition. Farsi-speakers are 27.8%, Turks are 20.1%, Turkmens are 5%, and Arabs, Baluchis and Lurs are also resident in this province.

Petrochemical, Cement, Plastic, Steel, Pipe, Flour, Types of Tubes & Metal Profiles, Induction Boilers & Induction Furnaces, Electricity, Sugar, Fiber, Meat Products, Animal Feed, Raisin, Saffron, Cotton, Food Industry, Agriculture, Construction, Dairy

Handicrafts

Sofr-e Kordi

Kolah-e Korki

Food & Drink

Due to its variety of ethnic groups and the neighboring cultures impact, the cuisine of Iran is diverse. vegetables are frequently used, along with fruits such as plums, pomegranate, quince, prunes, apricots, and raisins. To achieve a balanced taste, characteristic flavorings such as saffron, dried lime, cinnamon, and parsley are mixed delicately and used in some special dishes. Onion and garlic are commonly used in the preparation of the accompanying course, but are also served separately during meals, either in raw or pickled form. Iranian best foods include:

Persian Kebabs

Qeymeh

Dizi

Qormeh Sabzi

Persian Rice

Aash-e Reshteh

Khoresht-e fesenjan

Sabzi Polo Ba Mahi

Kookoo or Kuku

Tahchin

Mashleh Sheleh

Ash-e Yarmeh

Candy & Cheese Sugar