Area: 730 km²
Population: 1,292,283
Capital: Qom
Language: Persian,Turkish

Qom Province (Ostān-e Qom) is one of the 31 provinces of Iran with 11,237 km², covering 0.89% of the total area in Iran. It is in the north of Iran, and its provincial capital is the city of Qom. It was formed from part of Tehrān Province in 1995. Qom is one of the holiest cities in Iran and the middle East and is entrenched in centuries of history. Qom is the main city for religious studies in Iran for long. Right now many Senior ranking clerics of Shia Islam live in Qom.

Main Cities
About Qom Province

Qom is thought to have existed in pre-Islamic ages. Archeological discoveries indicate Qom as a residential area from the 5th millennium BCE. According to the pre-Islamic remaining relics and historical texts, Qom was a large city. ‘Kom’ was the name of the ancient rampart of the city of Qom, thus, the Arabs called it Qom during the Arab conquests of Iran.

During the persecution of the Alavids by the Abbasids and Umayyads, many Alavids fled to Qom, making it their permanent home.

In the Saljuqi era the city flourished once more. During the first wave of the Mongol invasion, the city witnessed destruction. During the periods of the rule of the Qareh-Qoyounlou, ĀqQoyounlou, and especially during the reign of the Safavids, Qom gained special attention and gradually developed. By 1503, Qom became one of the important centers of theology in relation to the Shia Islam, and became a vital pilgrimage site and religious pivot.

The city of Qom thrived in the Qajar era. After Russian forces entered Karaj in 1915, many of the inhabitants of Tehrān moved to Qom. Qom was also the center from which Ayatollah Khomeini based his opposition to the Pahlavi dynasty, while in Iran. Today, Qom is counted as one of the focal centers of the Shiite sect both in Iran and round the globe.

The climate of Qom province varies between a desert and semi-desert climate, and comprises mountainous areas, foothills and plains. Due to being located near an arid region and far inland, it experiences a dry climate, with low humidity and scanty rainfall. Thus, agriculture is not possible in most of its areas, especially near the Salt Lake regions. Qom province has two large salt lakes, namely: Howz-e Soltan Lake, which lies 36 km due north of Qom, and Namak Lake, which lies 80 km due east of Qom. Nearly a fifth of Namak Lake lies within Qom province.

Its annual rainfall around Howzeh Soltan is recorded as 100 mm in autumn and winter, whereas, it is rare in hot summer. 

The language of the people of Qom has long been Persian with a dialect of Qomi, which is today close to the Persian dialect. Many people speak Āzerbāijāni Turkish with a variety of dialects. Also, Arabic is spoken in parts of Qom with Iraqi accent. There is also Turkish language in Khalaji in the Khalajestan and Lori of Bakhtiari and Kurdish. The majority population are Fars, then, Turk, Gilak, Māzandarāni, Arab, Kurd, Lor and Tāt, respectively. Almost all people are Muslim and Shiite. Only religious minorities except Shiites are Christians and Zoroastrians.

Building Stone Mines: Halite, Gypsum, Natural gas and oil - Gas reserves

Handicrafts

Khar Mohreh

Qom Rugs

Traditional Painting

Traditional Handicrafts

Food & Drink

Due to its variety of ethnic groups and the neighboring cultures impact, the cuisine of Iran is diverse. vegetables are frequently used, along with fruits such as plums, pomegranate, quince, prunes, apricots, and raisins. To achieve a balanced taste, characteristic flavorings such as saffron, dried lime, cinnamon, and parsley are mixed delicately and used in some special dishes. Onion and garlic are commonly used in the preparation of the accompanying course, but are also served separately during meals, either in raw or pickled form. Iranian best foods include:

Persian Kebabs

Qeymeh

Dizi

Qormeh Sabzi

Persian Rice

Aash-e Reshteh

Khoresht-e fesenjan

Sabzi Polo Ba Mahi

Kookoo or Kuku

Tahchin

Ghonabid Gravy

Ash-e Gunabiyeh Gravy

Qaqanakh

Koufteh-e Qomi

Sohan