Area: 118,854
Population: 6,434,50
Capital: Mashhad
Language: Persian

Razavi Khorāsān is a province located in northeastern Iran. Mashhad is the center and capital of the province. Razavi Khorāsān is one of the three provinces that were created after the division of Khorāsān Province in 2004.

About Razavi Khorasan Province

Note: Since Khorasan district was divided into three provinces (Razavi Khorasan, North Khorasan, and South Khorasan) in 2004, you may find some similarities in the wording presented in the history part of these 3 provinces.

The Parthian empire was based near Merv in Khorāsān for many years. During the Sassanid dynasty the province was governed by a Spahbod (Lieutenant General) called Padgošban and four margraves, each commander of one of the four parts of the province.

Khorāsān was divided into four parts during the Muslim conquest of Persia, each section being named after the four largest cities, Neishābour, Merv, Herat, and Balkh.

Finally, Khorāsān was divided into two parts: the eastern part, which was the most densely populated region came under British occupation, and the other western section remained part of Iran. Khorāsān was the largest province of Iran until it was divided into three provinces on September 29, 2004. The provinces approved by the parliament of Iran (May 18, 2004) and the Council of Guardians (May 29, 2004) were Razavi Khorāsān, North Khorāsān, and South Khorāsān.


The area of Razavi Khorāsān province is 116485.49 km2, which covers 7% of the total area of Iran. 49.2% of the province is mountainous and 50.8% are plains. The province consists of four basins: Atrak, QArākhm, central desert and eastern Iran. This province has relative and moderate rainfall and humidity. Qouchān city with 296 mm, the highest annual rainfall and Gonābād city with 71 mm have the lowest annual precipitation among the centers of cities which have weather station.

The province holds ancient and enormous libraries, powerful media, cultural-scientific centers as well as several institutes in the fields of spontaneous publishing.

Famous People
Abol-Qasem Ferdowsi Tousi (c. 940–1020) was a Persian poet and the author of Shahnameh (Book of Kings), which is the world’s longest epic poem created by a single poet, and the national epic of Greater Iran. Ferdowsi is celebrated as the most influential figure in Persian literature.

Mehdi Akhavān-Sāles (1929-1990). He is one of the pioneers of Free Verse (New Style Poetry) in Persian language.

Omar Khayyam  (Persian pronunciation: [xæjˈjɑːm (1048-1131) was a Persian mathematician, astronomer, and poet.

Attar of Nishapur
Abū Ḥamīd bin Abū Bakr Ibrāhīm (c. 1145 – c. 1221 ‎), better known by his pennames Farīd ud-Dīn and ʿAṭṭār (Attar means pharmacist), was an Iranian poet, theoretician of Sufism, and hagiographer from Nishapur who had an immense and lasting influence on Persian poetry and Sufism.


Mining, oil & gas, minerals, coal, copper, steel, decorative stones, construction stones, foods & nutrients.



Hanidicrafts of Razavi Khorasan

Neishābour’s Turquoise

Food & Drink

Due to its variety of ethnic groups and the neighboring cultures impact, the cuisine of Iran is diverse. vegetables are frequently used, along with fruits such as plums, pomegranate, quince, prunes, apricots, and raisins. To achieve a balanced taste, characteristic flavorings such as saffron, dried lime, cinnamon, and parsley are mixed delicately and used in some special dishes. Onion and garlic are commonly used in the preparation of the accompanying course, but are also served separately during meals, either in raw or pickled form. Iranian best foods include:

Persian Kebabs



Qormeh Sabzi

Persian Rice

Aash-e Reshteh

Khoresht-e fesenjan

Sabzi Polo Ba Mahi

Kookoo or Kuku


Shole Mashhadi