Spiritual Heart of Iran
Mashhad has been governed by di groups over the course of its history. Many fferent ethnic Arab, Turkish, and especially Mongolian and Afghan tribes have brought great changes in the language, ethnicity and culture of the people each in their own time. Surprisingly, Mashhad enjoyed relative prosperity in its economy in the Mongol period. The ancient Parthian city of Patigrabanâ, mentioned in the Behistun inscription (520 BCE) of the Achaemenid Emperor Darius I, may have been located at the present-day Mashhad. At the beginning of the 9th century, Mashhad was a small village called Sanabad, which was situated 24 kilometres away from Tous. There was a summer palace of Humayd Ebn-e Qahtaba, the governor of Khurasan. In 808, when Harun al-Rashid, Abbasid caliph, was passing through there to quell the insurrection of Rafi Ebn-e al-Leyth in Transoxania, he became ill and died and was buried under the palace of Humayd Ebn-e Qahtaba. Due to this historical event, the Dar al-Imarah was known as the Mausoleum of Haruniyyeh. Several years later in 818 Ali al-Ridha was martyred by al-Ma’mun and was buried beside the grave of Harun. Although Mashhad is considered as the owner of cultural heritage of Tus (including its figures like Nezam al-Molk, AlGhazali, Ahmad Ghazali, Ferdowsi, Asadi Tousi and Sheikh Tousi). The earlier Arab geographers have correctly identified Mashhad and Tous as two separate cities, which are now located about 19 km from each other. Mashhad was not considered a great city until Mongol raids in 1220, which caused the destruction of many large cities in Khorāsān, leaving Mashhad relatively intact in the hands of Mongolian commanders because of the cemetery of Imam Reza and Harun al-Rashid. Thus the survivors of the massacres migrated to Mashhad. During the Safavid era, Mashhad gained even more religious recognition, becoming the most important city of Greater Khorāsān, as several madresah and other structures were built besides the Imam Reza shrine. Mashhad saw its greatest glory under Nader Shah, ruler of Iran from 1736 to 1747 and also a great benefactor of the shrine of Imam Reza, who made the city his capital.
Tehran International Book Fair
Date : 24 Apr-04 May 2019
Venue : Imam Khomeini Musalla
Enjoying a quarter-century experience, Tehran International Book Fair (TIBF) is a great cultural event in which publishers from all over the world along with a large number of domestic participants take part to exhibit their new titles in different subject areas. That makes the latest quality collection of books available to the educated and professional communities in the country. In addition to publishers and distributors, librarians with library equipments, governmental and private cultural institutes, experts on Iranian publications suitable for international communities, and cultural sections of international organizations and foreign embassies in Tehran participate in the Fair and introduce their products and the manifestations of their fields of interest.
This cultural event, scheduled in May every year, has been sponsored by the Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance of the Islamic Republic of Iran for the last 31 years. However, in the recent years, publishers’ associations and unions have played a key role in managing the national division of the Fair.
Timings : 09:00 AM-06:00 PM
Website : www.tibf.ir/en
Fajr International Film Festival
Date :18th - 26th April 2019
Founded in 1982, Fajr International Film Festival (FIFF) is Iran’s largest annual film festival held in Tehran. It is an event that celebrates cultural exchange, displays creative achievements of highly acclaimed cineastes and pays tribute to quality local and international films. Since its establishment, Fajr International Film Festival has played a vital role in the development of the Iranian Cinema. Every year, veteran directors and new filmmakers devotedly present their works in the festival.
Over the years, Fajr has been honored by numerous great film figures who have also worked closely with the festival as respectable Jury Members, such as Volker Schlondorff, Krzysztof Zanussi, Robert Chartoff, Semih Kaplanoglu, Bruce Beresford, Percy Adlon, Paul Cox, Shyam Benegal, Bela Tarr, Jan Troell, Helma Sanders-Brahms, Elia Suleiman, Agnieszka Holland, Andrey Zvyagintsev, Rustam Ibragimbekov, just to name a few among other influential figures.
Furthermore, a few of the most unforgettable and groundbreaking films, made by great filmmakers in the prime of their career, that were honored and awarded in different sections of the festival include, MABOROSI NO HIKARI by Hirokazu Kore-eda, LA PROMESSE by Dardenne Borthers, CLOUDS OF MAY by Nuri Bulge Ceylan, 23 by Hans-Christian Schmid, RESSOURCES HUMAINES by Laurent Cantet, NAPOLA by Dennis Gansel, THE RETURN by Andrey Zvyagintsev, LIVES OF THE OTHERS by Florian Henckel Von Donnersmarck and so forth.
During different editions of Fajr, brilliant auteur filmmakers such as Costa-Gavras, Francesco Rosi, Theo Angelopoulos, Mario Monicellli, Moustapha Akkad, Darius Khondji, etc… have taken part in the festival and have been presented with lifetime achievement awards.
Tehran International Tourism Exhibition
Date: 12-15 Feb 2019
Address: Tehran International Exhibition Center, Tehran, Iran
Exhibition Covered Area : More than 40000 sqm.
Contact Numbers : (+98 21)22397540. - (+98 919)422 72 83 – 84
Timings : 9:00 AM - 5:00 PM (General)
Fax : (+98 21)22396984
Email : firstname.lastname@example.org
Website : www.titexgroup.com