Area: 97,491 km²
Population: 702,360
Capital: Semnan
Language: Persian

Semnān Province (Persian: Ostān-e Semnān) is one of the 31 provinces, in the north of Iran, with Semnān city as capital. The province of Semnān covers an area of 96,816 square km and stretches along the Alborz mountain range to Dasht-e Kavir desert in southern parts. Semnān is located 216 km east of Tehrān. It is home to Semnāni languages and is known as Seman locally. The city offers various recreational activities, historical and religious sites, festivals, gardens, parks, universities, and Semnāni culture.

About Semnan Province

Semnān can be divided into sixteen sectors from the old days of Avesta. During the Medes and Achaemenid periods, it accounted for being one of the largest provinces of the empire, and today it roughly corresponds to the borders of the ancient region of Parthia. During the Islamic era, Semnān was part of the historical region of Qumes or Komesh, and the Silk Road paved its way from the midst of this region. Needless to say, the province was witness to numerous wars. The Cultural Historical Heritage Organization of Iran lists 470 sites of historical and cultural heritage such as palaces, forts, castles, caravanserais, Ab-Anbars, and Badgirs, in Semnān. In addition to these there are various religious and sacred places as well.

After the Muslim conquest of Persia, the religion of Islam was established within the city of Semnān. Though, unlike modern day Semnān, the people of the city originally practiced Sunni Islam, similar to the rest of early Islamic Persia. The Alavids of Tabarestan had established a Shi’a Islamic emirate and upon conquering Semnān, brought the Zaidi Shi’a sect of Islam. Then, in the year 1048, the Seljuq Turks invaded and devastated the city. The Qajars turned Semnān into a civil fortress, from which they controlled the major trade route to their capital in Tehrān and the holy city of Mashhad.

The province has two parts: the mountainous region, and the plains at the foot of the mountains. The former helps for recreational activities as well as source for minerals, the latter encompasses some ancient cities as one of the capitals of the Parthian Empire before. In Semnān, people have local language with special words and slang. The language is derived from Pahlavi language of Parthians. Neighboring cities are Golestān, Māzandarān on the north, Tehrān, Qom on the west, Isfahān on the South and Khorāsān-e Razavi (Razavi Khorasan) on the East. The city of Semnān is situated at 1,138 meters above sea level just south of the foothills of the Alborz Mountains, bordering the Kavir Desert to the south of the city. However, the Golroudbār river, which flows to the north of Mahdi-Shahr (Shahmirzad), and other streams have historically supplied abundant water for civil establishment; irrigation methods since ancient times have allowed the people of Semnān to drink clean water, raise livestock such as cattle and sheep, and adopt agricultural practices. Unlike Tehrān being mountainous, the city of Semnān is relatively flat and enjoys the four seasons each year.

Semnāni (Semani zefön) is one of the local languages of the Semnān Province. The language belongs to the Northwestern Branch of the Western Iranian languages, and it is a descendent of the now extinct Parthian language. The Semnāni language is often mistakenly labeled as a “dialect”.

Coal, Chromite, Gypsum, Salt, Silica, Sodium sulfate, Dolomite, Potash, Industrial Soils, Copper, Lead, Zinc, Bauxite, Manganese, Sulfur, Phosphate.


Carpet & Rug Weaving

Carpet Felting

Ghalamkar Printing

Pottery & Ceramics

Handwoven Crafts

Food & Drink

Due to its variety of ethnic groups and the neighboring cultures impact, the cuisine of Iran is diverse. vegetables are frequently used, along with fruits such as plums, pomegranate, quince, prunes, apricots, and raisins. To achieve a balanced taste, characteristic flavorings such as saffron, dried lime, cinnamon, and parsley are mixed delicately and used in some special dishes. Onion and garlic are commonly used in the preparation of the accompanying course, but are also served separately during meals, either in raw or pickled form. Iranian best foods include:

Persian Kebabs



Qormeh Sabzi

Persian Rice

Aash-e Reshteh

Khoresht-e fesenjan

Sabzi Polo Ba Mahi

Kookoo or Kuku


Sabzi Polo of Damghan

Havij o Pesteh Khoresht

Khelal Polo