Area: 180,726 km²
Population: 2,775,014
Capital: Zahedan
Language: Persian, Balouchi

Sistān and Balouchestān Province is one of the 31 provinces of Iran. It is located in the southeast, bordering Pakistan and Afghanistan and its capital is Zāhedān. The province is the second largest province in Iran (after Kermān province), with an area of 181,785 km²

About Sistan & Baluchestan Province

In the reliefs of BiSotoun and Persepolis  , Sistān is mentioned as one of the eastern territories  Darius the Great. The name Sistān is derived from Saka, a Central Asian tribe that had taken control over this area in the year 128 BCE. During the Arsacid Dynasty, the province became the seat of Suren-Pahlav Clan. From the Sassanid period till the early Islamic period, Sistān flourished considerably.

During the reign of the second caliph of Islam, Omar Ebn-e Al-Khattab, this territory was conquered by the Arabs and an Arab commander was assigned as governor. The famous Persian ruler Ya’qoub Leyth Saffāri, whose descendants dominated this area for many centuries, later became governor of this province. In 916 CE, Balouchestān was ruled by the Daylamids and thereafter the Seljuqids, when it became a part of Kermān. Dynasties such as the Saffārids, Sāmānids, Qaznavids, and Seljuqids, also ruled over this territory.

Under the rule of the Seljuqids in Kermān, the Balouchestān region was also occupied and was subordinate to Kermān. After the rule of Nader, Balouchestan belonged to Iran perfunctory, but the central government did not have full control over it.

The province comprises two sections, Sistān in the north and Balouchestān in the south. The province is subject to seasonal winds from different directions, the most important of which are the 120-day wind of Sistān known as Levar, the Qousse wind, the Seventh (Gavkosh) wind, the Nambi or south wind, the Houshak wind, the humid and seasonal winds of the Indian Ocean, the North or (Gurich) wind and the Western (Gard) wind.

In terms of climate classification, Sistān and Balouchestān province is dry. The Sistān Plain, located in the middle of the desert has a rainfall of less than 65 mm a year, with a vaporization of more than 5,000 mm.

Cement, Cotton cloth, fishing-net weaving, brick, chrome, copper, granite, antimony, talc, manganese, iron, lead, zin, tin, nickel, platinum, gold, silver.



Embroidery Coin



Food & Drink

Due to its variety of ethnic groups and the neighboring cultures impact, the cuisine of Iran is diverse. vegetables are frequently used, along with fruits such as plums, pomegranate, quince, prunes, apricots, and raisins. To achieve a balanced taste, characteristic flavorings such as saffron, dried lime, cinnamon, and parsley are mixed delicately and used in some special dishes. Onion and garlic are commonly used in the preparation of the accompanying course, but are also served separately during meals, either in raw or pickled form. Iranian best foods include:

Persian Kebabs



Qormeh Sabzi

Persian Rice

Aash-e Reshteh

Khoresht-e fesenjan

Sabzi Polo Ba Mahi

Kookoo or Kuku




Dough-e Pa