Area: 18,814 km2
Population: 13,267,637
Capital: Tehran
Language: Persian

The beating heart of Iran

Tehran is the largest and most crowded city with 200 years of being the capital of Iran which are taken in the most significant official, executive and political decisions. Tehran is accounted as the heart of Iran influences many of economic, cultural, scientific, and political aspects. Moreover, various factors added to the importance of Tehran by historical aspects including Shahr-e Rey (City of Rey) dating back to 7,000 years ago, the remains of ancient Rey civilization to Qeytarieh Hills and reign of Safavid empire in the past 400 years, which placed Tehran in the 5 top destinations with various attractions of tourism in Iran.

Tehran plays the main role at the strategic economy of Iran and over half of industrial activities have been done in it. Attendance of different organizations such as Central Bank, major currency exchanges, Tehran Stock Exchange, various ministries, parliamentary and state institutions, chambers of commerce, etc. have led to make fundamental decisions in the ...;

The beating heart of Iran

Tehran is the largest and most crowded city with 200 years of being the capital of Iran which are taken in the most significant official, executive and political decisions. Tehran is accounted as the heart of Iran influences many of economic, cultural, scientific, and political aspects. Moreover, various factors added to the importance of Tehran by historical aspects including Shahr-e Rey (City of Rey) dating back to 7,000 years ago, the remains of ancient Rey civilization to Qeytarieh Hills and reign of Safavid empire in the past 400 years, which placed Tehran in the 5 top destinations with various attractions of tourism in Iran.

Tehran plays the main role at the strategic economy of Iran and over half of industrial activities have been done in it. Attendance of different organizations such as Central Bank, major currency exchanges, Tehran Stock Exchange, various ministries, parliamentary and state institutions, chambers of commerce, etc. have led to make fundamental decisions in the capital.

Major auto manufacturing and distribution have been done in Tehran. Furthermore, Tehran Grand Bazaar is one of the major places for supplying various goods and products; it also consists of the largest Bazaar in the field of producing and exporting carpet and furniture. The other great economic section of the capital includes automotive equipment, power and electronics, textiles, sugar, cement and chemicals. Tehran also has been known for e-commerce and internet-based businesses and lots of startup companies have been raised in this regard. The capital is equipped with specialty and subspecialty hospitals and medical centers which make it one of the main health tourism destinations in Iran and in the region. Tehran has been significant for cosmetic surgeries specially rhinoplasty in the world and many tourists from developed countries choose Iran for their treatment.

Tehran University as the first university of Iran forms part of traditional, cultural, political, social, artistic and sport identities in addition to the educational identity and mainly influenced on the formation of the Iranian society.

Tehran hosts many great national and international contests at Azadi Sport Complex, Enghelab Sport Complex and several small and large stadiums, gyms and federations.

Nowadays, many symbols of modern life in the western and eastern countries have taken place in the life style of the people and granted a new identity which caused many native traditions and customs to be pale by developing and modernization of the city despite of holding many ceremonies such as mourn on Muharram, and Nowruz (New year) eve, etc. which distinguish Tehran from other world metropolises.

Although, Tehran is not rich in offering souvenirs and handicrafts and most of them have been forgotten due to the passage of time and modernization, some of them including oshtehDoozi, Kilim, and Jajim woven by Tehran nomads, wood and jewelry carving, eather bags and shoes, glass works, felting, decorating clay objects, glass, tile, wood and handmade clothes, bags and shoes with traditional designs are remained. Culture and art have been developed due to the presence of various training centers and many artists.

As the world`s great cities are significant by special symbols and elements, capital of Iran tried to get a place among the developed metropolises by enjoying modern structures such as Milad Tower, Azadi
Tower, Tabi’at Bridge, Gonbad-e-Mina (Dome of Mina) and Tehran Book Garden, Islamic Revolution and Holy Defence Museum.

Most of the significant museums of Iran are located in Tehran where called The City of Museums, since enjoying variety and is one of the great tourism attractions to the city. Many of the museums set up in the traditional castles and mansions. The other attractions include Tehran traditional castles, buildings, and mansions from different eras.

Imamzadeh and religious places are also the important attractions which are not limited in Muslims’ shrines; churches, fire temples and synagogues represent the peaceful living of different religions. In addition to the various traditional, civil and modern attractions there are other natural attractions which host people to relax and refresh such as Tochal, Darband, Darakeh, Park-e Mellat, Park-e Shahr, Park-e Laleh, Park-e Saei, Ab-o-Atash Park, etc.

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About Tehran Province

Tehrān Province has several archeological sites indicating settlements dating back several thousand years. Until 300 years ago, Rey was the most prominent city of the province. However, the city of Tehrān rose to become the larger city and capital of Iran by 1778, and since then has been the political, cultural, economic, and commercial nucleus of Iran.

Tehrān has over 1,500 historical sites of cultural significance registered with the Cultural Heritage Organization of Iran. The oldest of these in Tehrān province are the remains of two sites in Firouz-Kouh county that date back to the 4th millennium BCE.

The province of Tehrān has over 13 million inhabitants and is Iran's most densely populated region. The largest rivers of this province are Karaj River and Jaj-Roud River. Environmentally, the climate of Tehrān province in the southern areas is warm and dry, but in the mountain vicinity is cold and semi-humid, and in the higher regions is cold with long winters.

The hottest months of the year are from mid-July to mid-September when temperatures range from 28 °C (82 °F) to 30 °C (86 °F) and the coldest months experience 1 °C (34 °F) around December– January. Average annual rainfall is approximately 200 millimeters (7.9 in). On the whole, the province has a semi-arid, steppe climate in the south and an alpine climate in the north.

Even though the Tehrān is the meeting point of many ethnic and linguistic groups, it is dominated by the Persian culture and language, as well as the Shiite branch of Islam, with which the majority of the population identifies.

The Islamic Revolution had a distinctive cultural impact. Within this framework, traditional arts such as calligraphy and music have seen a revival, with many educational institutions and galleries involved. Alongside the more traditional centers of cultural activity, cultural centers, and libraries were established to cater to the young urban population. Tehrān is a modern, vibrant city.

Its skyline is dominated by snowcapped mountains and a proliferation of high-rise buildings. Tehrān’s architecture is eclectic; while many buildings reflect the international Modernist style, others display postmodern, Neoclassical, and traditional Persian styles. Tehrān’s vibrancy is marked by large crowds of young people, numerous shopping malls, commercial streets, and fast-food outlets, an expanding network of highways, and bustling public squares. The city mixes tradition with modernity and religious imagery with diff erent lifestyles. From art to history and anything else you can imagine, are available in Tehrān museums. Tehrān is the biggest and most important educational center of Iran. Today there are nearly 50 major colleges and universities in total in Greater Tehrān. Since the establishment of Dar-ol-Fonoun in the mid-1800s, Tehrān has amassed with a large number of institutions of higher education.

The majority of Tehrāni people are officially Twelve Shia Muslims, which has also been the state religion since the 16th-century Safavid conversion. Other religious communities in the city include followers of the Sunni and Mystic branches of Islam, various Christian denominations, Judaism and Zoroastrianism. There are many religious centers scattered around the city, from old to newly-built centers, including mosques, churches, synagogues, and Zoroastrian fire temples.

Tehrān province has diff erent ethnic groups which are consist of: 58.9% Fars, 30.3% Turks, 1.8% Kurds, 1.1 Baloch, 2.1 Lurs, and 5.5 from the tribes of northern Iran including Gilak, Taleshi, Mazin, Turkmen and 1.2 etc.

Tehran hosts nearly half of the industrial activities in Iran. Manufactures of automotive equipment, electronics, textiles, sugar, cement and chemical products have been involved in this industrial activities. Tehrān also has a large Bazar for carpets and furniture throughout Iran. There is an oil refinery in the southern suburbs of Tehran.

Handicrafts

Stained Glass

Glass Blowing

Woodworking

Handicrafts & Souvenirs

Varamin Carpet

Jajim

Pottery Wares

Food & Drink

Due to its variety of ethnic groups and the neighboring cultures impact, the cuisine of Iran is diverse. vegetables are frequently used, along with fruits such as plums, pomegranate, quince, prunes, apricots, and raisins. To achieve a balanced taste, characteristic flavorings such as saffron, dried lime, cinnamon, and parsley are mixed delicately and used in some special dishes. Onion and garlic are commonly used in the preparation of the accompanying course, but are also served separately during meals, either in raw or pickled form. Iranian best foods include:

Persian Kebabs

Qeymeh

Dizi

Qormeh Sabzi

Persian Rice

Aash-e Reshteh

Khoresht-e fesenjan

Sabzi Polo Ba Mahi

Kookoo or Kuku

Tahchin

Persian Rice

Persian Kebabs

Dizi

Sargonjeshki(Meat Balls)

Aash-e Reshteh

Qeymeh

Khoreshts (Stews)

Qormeh Sabzi

Dampokhtak

Persian Drink

Desserts & Sweets