Learning Farsi Dictionary

Farsi Learning Guide

Persian (/ˈpɜː rʒə n/ or /ˈpɜː rʃə n/), also known by its endonym Farsi ( فارسی fārsi [fɒːɾˈ siː]), is one of the Western Iranian languages within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family. It is primarily spoken in Iran, Afghanistan (officially known as Dari since 1958), and Tajikistan (officially known as Tajiki since the Soviet era), and some other regions which historically were Persianate societies and considered part of Greater Iran. It is written in the Persian alphabet, a modified variant of the Arabic script, which itself evolved from the Aramaic alphabet.

The Persian language is classified as a continuation of Middle Persian, the official religious and literary language of the Sasanian Empire, itself a continuation of Old Persian, the language of the Achaemenid Empire. Its grammar is similar to that of many contemporary European languages. A Persianspeaking person may be referred to as Persophone.

There are approximately 110 million Persian speakers worldwide, with the language holding official status in Iran, Afghanistan, and Tajikistan. For centuries, Persian has also been a prestigious cultural language in other regions of Western Asia, Central Asia, and South Asia by the various empires based in the regions. Persian has had a considerable (mainly lexical) influence on neighboring languages, particularly the Turkic languages in Central Asia, Caucasus, and Anatolia, neighboring Iranian languages, as well as Armenian, Georgian, and Indo-Aryan languages, especially Urdu (a register of Hindustani). It also exerted some influence on Arabic, particularly Bahrani Arabic, while borrowing much vocabulary from it after the Arab conquest of Iran. With a long history of literature in the form of Middle Persian before Islam, Persian was the first language in the Muslim world to break through Arabic’s monopoly on writing, and the writing of poetry in Persian was established as a court tradition in many eastern courts. Some of the famous works of Persian literature are the Shahnameh of Ferdowsi, the works of Rumi, the Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam, the Panj Ganj of Nizami Ganjavi, the Divān of Hafez and the two miscellanea of prose and verse by Saadi Shirazi, the Gulistan and the Bustan.

The 1st Human Rights Charter in the World

I relieved their weariness and freed them from their bonds, as for the population of Babylon who as if without divine intention had endured a yoke not decreed for them. Marduk, the great lord, rejoiced at [my good] deeds, and he pronounced a sweet blessing over me, Cyrus, the king who fears him, and over Cambyses, the son [my] issue, [and over] my all my troops, that we might proceed further at his exalted command. I returned the images of the gods, who had resided there to their places and I let them dwell in eternal abodes. I gathered all their inhabitants and returned to them their dwellings.

Cyrus the Great Cylinder

Survival Guide Persian to English

Other Useful Phrases

English to Persian Dictionary

English Persian pronunciation Farsi (Persian)
A
About Darbareh درباره
Above Bālā بالا
Absent Ghāyeb غایب
Accent Lahjeh لهجه
Actually Dar vāghe’ درواقع
After Ba’d az بعد از
Again Dobāreh دوباره
Ago Peesh پیش
Almond Bādām بادام
Alone Tanhā تنها
Also Ham هم
Among Beyn-e بین
Apple Seeb سیب
Are you good? Khoubi? خوبی؟
Around Dor-e دور
Artist Honar-mand هنرمند
Aunt Khāleh خاله
B
Back Kamar کمر
Bad Bad بد
Bag Keef کیف
Ball Toup توپ
Bathroom Hammām حمام
Beautiful Zibā زیبا
Bed Takht تخت
Belly Shekam شکم
Below Pāyeen Pāyeen
Belt Kamar-band کمربند
Big Bozorg بزرگ
Bird Joujeh جوجه
Black Siyāh سیاه
Blue Aabi آبی
Book Ketāb کتاب
Box Ja’beh جعبه
Boy Pesar Pesar
Bread Nān نان
Bridge Pol پل
Bright Roshan روشن
Brother Barādar برادر
Brown Ghahveyie قهوه ای
Bus Oto bous اتوبوس
But Ammā اما
C
Car Māshin ماشین
Carpet Farsh فرش
Carrot Havij هویج
Cat Gorbeh گربه
Chair Sandali صندلی
Cheap Arzān ارزان
Chicken egg Tokhm-e morgh تخم مرغ
Child Bacheh بچه
Chocolate Shokolāt شکلات
City Shahr شهر
Class Kelās کلاس
Classmate Ham kelāsi هم کلاسی
Clean Tamiz تمیز
Closet Komod کمد
Clothes Lebās لباس
Cloud Abr ابر
Co traveler Ham-safar همسفر
Coat Kot کت
Cold Sard سرد
Color Rang رنگ
Cook (noun) Aashpaz آشپز
Corn Zorrat ذرت
Country Keshvar کشور
Country house Villā ویلا
Cow Gāv گاو
Coworker Hamkār همکار
Crazy Divaaneh دیوانه
Crowded Sholough شلوغ
Crown Tāj تاج
Curtain Pardeh پرده
D
Dark Tireh تیره
Dark Tārik تاریک
Day Rouz روز
Day after tomorrow Pas-fardā پس فردا
Direct Mostaqim مستقیم
Dirty Kasif کثیف
Doctor Doktor دکتر
Dog Sag سگ
Doll Arousak عروسک
Door Dar در
E
Ear Goush گوش
Easy Aasān آسان
Everyday Har rouz هر روز
Exactly Daqiqan دقیقا
Excuse me Bebachshid ببخشید
Expensive Gerān گران
Eye Cheshm چشم
Eyebrow Abrou ابرو
F
Fall Pāeiz پائیز
Family Khānevādeh خانواده
Fast Sari’ سریع
Fat Chāgh چاق
Father Pedar پدر
Favorite Mahboub محبوب
Finger Angosht انگشت
Fish Māhi ماهی
Floor Kaf کف
Flower Gol گل
Food Ghazā غذا
For Barāye برای
Friday Jom’eh جمعه
Fridge Yakhchāl یخچال
Friend Doust دوست
Fruit Miveh میوه
Full Por پر
Furniture Asās اثاث
G
Garden Bāgh باغ
Gas Gaz گاز
Gate Darvāzeh دروازه
Girl Dokhtar دختر
Glass Leevān لیوان
Glasses Eynak عینک
Glove Dast-kesh دستکش
Good Khoub خوب
Goose Ghāz غاز
Green Sabz سبز
Grey Khakestari خاکستری
Guest Mehmān مهمان
Gum Aadāms آدامس
H
Hair Moo مو
Hand Dast دست
Happy Shād شاد
Happy Khoshhāl خوشحال
Hard Sakht سخت
Hat Kolāh کلاه
Surely Hatman حتما
Head Sar سر
Heart Qalb قلب
Help Komak کمک
Hen Morgh مرغ
Here Injā اینجا
Highway Bozorg-Rāh بزرگراه
Holidays Tatilāt تعطیلات
Home Manzel منزل
Horse Asb اسب
Hot Dāgh داغ
Hour Sā’at ساعت
House Khāneh خانه
How interesting Che jāleb چه جالب
Hungry Gorosne گرسنه
Husband Shohar شوهر
I
Ice Yakh یخ
Ice-cream Bastani بستنی
If Agar اگر
Image Tasvir تصویر
Inside Tou تو
Instead Dar avaz در عوض
Intelligence Housh هوش
J
Jacket Jākat ژاکت
Jewelry Javāher جواهر
Job Shoghl شغل
K
Key Kelid کلید
Kitchen Ashpaz-khāneh آشپزخانه
Kite Bād-bādak بادبادک
Knee Zānou زانو
L
Language Zabān زبان
Last Gozashteh گذشته
Last night Dishab دیشب
Last week Hafteh gozashteh هفته گذشته
Last year Pārsāl پارسال
Law Ghānoun قانون
Leaf Barg برگ
Left Chap چپ
Leg پا
Lesson Dars درس
Letter Nāmeh نامه
Light Lāmp لامپ
Like Mesle مثل
Lion Sheer شیر
Lucky Khosh-bakht خوشبخت
M
Man Mard مرد
Market Bāzār بازار
Homework Mashgh مشق
Milk Sheer شیر
Minute Daqeeqeh دقیقه
Monday Do-shanbe دوشنبه
Money Poul پول
Moon Māh ماه
Morning Sobh صبح
Mother Māmān مامان
Mother Mādar مادر
Mouse Moush موش
Mouth Dahan دهن
Mr. Agha آقا
Mrs. Khānom خانم
N
Neck Gardan گردن
Necklace Garden-band گردنبند
Neighbor Ham-saayeh همسایه
Never Hich-vaght هیچوقت
New Taazeh تازه
New Jadeed جدید
New No نو
Next to Kenaar کنار
Nice Khoub / Aali خوب- عالی
Night Shab شب
Nowhere Hij-ja هیچ جا
Noon Zohr ظهر
Nose Beeni بینی
Notebook Daftar دفتر
Nothing Hichi هیچی
Nurse Parastār پرستار
O
Of course Albate البته
Old Kohneh کهنه
Old (people) Peer پیر
Old Qadimi قدیمی
On Rouy-e روی
One of Yeki az یکی از
Only Faghat فقط
Or Yaa یا
Orange Nārenji نارنجی
Other days Ruz-haayeh dige روزهای دیگه
Oven Ojaagh اجاق
P
Page Safheh صفحه
Pants Shalvār شلوار
Paper Kāghaz کاغذ
Park Park پارک
Pen Māzhik ماژیک
Pencil Medād مداد
People Mardom مردم
Picture Tasvir تصویر
Pill Qors قرص
Pine Kaaj کاج
Pineapple Aanānās آناناس
Plane Havāpeymā هواپیما
Plate Boshqāb بشقاب
Poem She’r شعر
Poet Sha’er شاعر
Police Polis پلیس
Pomegranate Anār انار
Professor Ostād استاد
Purple Banafish بنفش
Q
Question So’al سوال
Quiet saa-ket ساکت
R
Rain Bārān باران
Razor Tigh تیغ
Red Ghermez قرمز
Related to Marbout مربوط
Right Rāst راست
Ring Angoshtar انگشتر
Room Otāq اتاق
Ruler Khat-kesh خط کش
S
Safe Amn امن
Salt Namak نمک
Saturday Shanbe شنبه
School Madreseh مدرسه
Second Sānie ثانیه
Several Chandin چندین
Shoes Kafsh کفش
Shop Maghāzeh مغازه
Shop keeper Maghāzeh-dār مغازه دار
Short Ghad koutah قد کوتاه
Sick Mariz مریض
Singer Khānandeh خواننده
Sister Khāhar خواهر
Sky Aasemān آسمان
Small Kouchak کوچک
Snake Mār مار
Snow Barf برف
So Pas پس
Soap Sābun صابون
Socks Jourāb جوراب
Some Meqdāri مقداری
Somebody Yeki یکی
Sometimes Ba’zi vaqtā بعضی وقتها
Spoon Qāshoq قاشق
Spring Bahār بهار
Square Morabbā مربع
Store Maghāzeh مغازه
Store Foroushgāh فروشگاه
Story Dāstān داستان
Street Khiyābān خیابان
Student Dānesh-āmouz دانش آموز
Suddenly Nāgahān ناگهان
Summer Tābestān تابستان
Sunday Yek-shanbeh یکشنبه
Supermarket Souper-mārket سوپر مارکت
Sweet Shirini شیرینی
Swing Taab تاب
T
Table Meez میز
Tall Ghad-boland قد بلند
Tea Chaai چای
Teacher Mo’allem معلم
There Aanjaa آن جا
Thin Laaghar لاغر
Things Cheez چیز
Thursday Panj-shanbeh پنج شنبه
Tired Khasteh خسته
To arrive Residan رسیدن
To cook Pokhtan پختن
To cut Boridan بریدن
To fix/repair Ta’mir kardan تعمیر کردن
To fly Parvaaz dādan پرواز دادن
To paint Rang kardan رنگ کردن
To receive Gereftan گرفتن
To shop Kharid kardan خرید کردن
To stop Motavaqqef kardan متوقف کردن
To study Dars khaandan درس خواندن
To turn on Roshan kardan روشن کردن
To want Khāstan خواستن
Tomorrow Fardā فردا
Tongue Zabān زبان
Tonight Emshab امشب
Tooth Dandān دندان
Towel Holeh حوله
Tree Derakht درخت
Trousers Shalvār شلوار
Tuesday Seh-shanbeh سه شنبه
U
Uncle Amou عمو
Under Zeer زیر
Understand Fahmeedan فهمیدن
Universe Dāneshgāh دانشگاه
Until تا
Usually Ma’moulan معمولا
Use Estefādeh kardan استفاده کردن
V
Vacant Khāli خالی
value Arzesh ارزش
various Motenav’e متنوع
Vase Goldān گلدان
Vegetable Sabzi سبزی
very Ziad زیاد
victim Qorbāni قربانی
Victory Peerouzi پیروزی
View Manzareh منظره
violence Khoshounat خشونت
visit Molāqāt ملاقات
voice Seda صدا
vote Ra’y رای
W
Wall Divār دیوار
Warm Garm گرم
Watch Sa’at ساعت
Watermelon Hendevāneh هندوانه
We ما
Weather Havā هوا
Wednesday Chahar-shanbeh چهارشنبه
Week Hafteh هفته
Weekend Aakhar-e hafteh آخر هفته
What’s your job? Shoghlet chie? شغلت؟
When Key / Che Waght وقت
Whistle Sout سوت
White Sefid سفید
Wife/husband Hamsar همسر
Wind Bād باد
Window Panjereh پنجره
Winter Zemestān زمستان
Woman Zan زن
Worker Kārgar کارگر
World Donyā دنیا
Worried Negarān نگران
Write Neveshtan نوشتن
Writer Nevisandeh نویسنده
Wrong Ghalat\Eshtebaah غلط/ اشتباه
Y
Yard Hayāt حیاط
Yeah Aareh\ Bale’ آره/ بله
Year Sāl سال
Yellow Zard زرد
Yes Aare\ Bale’ آره/ بله
Yesterday Deerouz دیروز
Yet Hanouz هنوز
You To\ Shomā تو/ شما
Young Javān جوان
Younger Kouchak-tar جوانتر
Your Maal’e Shomā... ...مال شما
Yourself Khodetān خودتان
Z
Zero Sefr صفر
Zone Mantaqeh منطقه
Zoo Bagh-e Vahsh باغ وحش